The new data from Ecosystem School 2023
(Rinnovabili.it) – While the EU Green House Directive and its objectives do not cease to be discussed, there are those who have passed theschool building to understand where the sector is in terms of energy efficiency and safety. Let’s talk about School ecosystem 2023the annual report with which Legambiente evaluates Italian institutes both from an architectural point of view and from that of services.
Italian schools, where energy efficiency has ended?
The 22nd edition of the report denounces all the fatigue of the sector which, despite the improvements implemented in recent years, continues to fight against the same problems. Many of these directly concern the building structure: of the 5,616 schools evaluated, only the 4.2% is in energy class A, the highest in terms of performance. In reverse 74.8% are still in the last three energy classes, with a good 39% in Class G. Energy efficiency measures are still few and in the major islands, in particular, they have involved a small number of institutes (just the 5.8%). But above all, they do not always make improvements in terms of progressing the energy class. Even the installation of renewable plants is not proceeding expeditiously. To date, 21.8% of Italian schools produce green energy but the growth rate is so slow that, according to current trends, it would take at least 80 years to cover all public institutions.
We remind you that if the Green Houses directive were to pass as per the European Commission’s draft, all the most inefficient buildings would be forced to reach class F by 2027 and class E by 2030.
Not just energy consumption. School Ecosystem 2023 denounces how in 2021 the 30.6% of school buildings still need extraordinary interventions. In terms of seismic upgrading interventions, however, it appears that in the last period, these works have involved only 3.1% of the buildings. The most critical situation? In Sicily where all 389 school buildings are located in seismic zone 1 and 2 of the Islands. Here in the last 5 years seismic upgrading interventions have been carried out on only 2 buildings, one in Messina and one in Catania.
“The PNRR may usher in a new way of grounding resources, but it’s not the solution to everything“, he claims Stephen Ciafani national president of Legambiente. “From here to the next few years the big issue remains the widespread quality of the schools […] The time factor is decisive now more than ever, which is why it is important to start a process of renewal and safety for the school “.
“As we tell in Ecosystem School 2023 – he adds Claudia Cappelletti, Legambiente school office manager – it will be essential to think of the redevelopment of our schools as a building site for urban, social and educational regeneration, sharing everything with the local community that becomes an educating community, to implement shared paths through co-planning both in services and in the redevelopment and construction of new schools”.
The association accompanied its report with 10 proposals to make the more inclusive, safe and less energy consuming school. From technical and administrative support to Local Authorities that have more difficulty in planning interventions and efficient management of construction sites, to the inauguration of a new generation of sustainable and innovative schools, in the social suburbs built according to green building criteria, open to the territory and equipped with integrated services.